Part II in a series for study for TCM students. Some images are best viewed with a tablet, ipad, or phone as you can expand and see image better. In particular the Excel speadsheet images.
**Please do not use these herbs without guidance from a licensed practitioner.**
These are only for study. For instance Ma Huang is illegal in the USA and was used in diet pills and thus someone had to take a lot and died. Herbs are used in FORMULAS with other herbs to balance the potency. Some are used in cooking however. Please use caution. This is my online guide for students of Chinese Medicine.
Herbs that regulate Qi:
These Herbs are designed to manage the imbalance of yin and yang in the body. for example: having excess yang, it will help yin.
These herbs tend to be aromatic, warm, acrid, or bitter. They help promote the movement of qi, dispersment, drainage, and smooth flow.
They tend to treat the Lungs, Liver, Spleen and stomach. Primarily it resolves stagnant qi or rebellious Qi. SP/ST qi stagnation, constrained Liver qi, and stagnant Lung qi.
Chen Pi (aged tangerine peel) warm aromatic, acrid, bitter LU, SP, ST Promotes Qi flow, dries damp, 3-9g heat w/excess, dry cough, yin def.
Qing Pi (unripe tangerine peel) warm bitter, acrid GB, LIV, ST Directs downward, dredges liver, breaks up qi stagnation and clumping, harmonizes stomach. 3-9g contra: those qi def.
Zhi Shi (Orange Fruit) Cold bitter, acrid LI, SP/ST Promotes flow of Qi, unblocks plugs (lumps), lower burner opener 3-9g contra: Pregnancy
Zhi Ke (bitter orange unripe)Cold bitter, acrid SP/ST, LI Promotes flow of Qi, unblocks plugs (lumps), upper burner opener 3-9g contra: Pregnancy.
Gan Song warm acrid, sweet SP/ST Awaken SP, unblock constraint, alleviates pain. 3-6g none noted.
Da Fu Pi warm acrid LI, SI, SP/ST Directs Qi downward, disperses formless qi obstructions, reduces edema. 4.5-9g contra: pregnancy.
Xiang fu neutral acrid, bitter, sweet Liv., TB, GB Promotes Liver qi flow, ST Qi flow, regulates menstruation 6-12g contra: qi def, yin def, w/heat, blood heat.
Mu Xiang warm acrid , bitter GB,LI, SP, ST, TB promotes flow of qi, stops pain, Strengthens SP, eliminates food stagnation, 3-9g contra: depleted fluids, yin def., blazing fire.
Wu Yao Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Acrid BL, KD, LU, SP Promotes smooth flow of qi, disperses cold, alleviates pain 3-9g Qi and Blood def., Internal heat
Tan Xiang Herbs that Regulate qi warm Aromatic, acrid, LU, SP, ST Unblocks Stagnant Qi in chest, stops pain, settles belching and nausea 2-5g Yin Def., Fire
Chen xiang Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Aromatic, acrid, bitter KD, SP, ST Warms the SP and KD, directs rebellious Qi down, assist KD in grasping Qi. 1-1.5g Yin Def., fire
Xie Bai Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Acrid, bitter LU, ST, LI Reaches into areas of congealed contraint to unbind, warm, and drain. Benefits orfices, phlegm, detox 5-9g Qi def., weak ST
Mei Gui Hua Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Sweet, slight bitter Liv., SP Gently regulates Qi and Blood, harmonizes Liv, SP, ST. Regulates menstruation. 1.5-6g none
Chuan Lian zhi Herbs that Regulate qi Cold Bitter, slight toxic BL, Liv, SI, ST Cools heat, regulates Qi, stops pain 4.5-9g cold def. SP/ST
Li Zhi He Herbs that Regulate qi Warm Sweet Liv, St Disperse Qi Stag and cold obstruction in Liv channel 9-15g None
Shi Di Herbs that Regulate qi Neutral Bitter, astringnet LU, ST Stops hiccup, ST Qi downward 3-12g None
Herbs that Stop Bleeding
1. Stop Bleeding when Spleen cannot hold blood, there is excessive yang, and blood stasis. example: bloody nose.
2. These herbs invigorate the blood.
San Qi Herbs that Stop Bleeding Warm Sweet, Bitter Liv, ST Stops bleeding without causing blood stasis, transforms blood stasis, reduces sweeling, stops pain. 3-9g raw, 1-1.5 powder Pregnancy
Pu Huang Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Acrid, sweet Liv, HT, SP Stops bleeding, removes blood stasis, promotes urination 3-9g pregnancy, polen allergy
Qian Cao Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cold Bitter HT, Liv Cools blood, stops bleeding, removes stasis, 9-15 g cold def. ST/SP, fire, yin def.
Da Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Sweet Liv, SP, HT Invigorates and cools blood, stops bleeding, reduce swelling, edema, jaundice, hypertension 9-15g cold def. ST/SP
Xiao Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Sweet Liv, HT, Cools blood, stops bleeding, promotes urination, blood stasis 9-30g cold def, ST/SP, diarrhea
Di Yu Herbs that Stop Bleeding Slight cold, Bitter sour Liv, LI, ST Cools heat in the Blood, stops bleeding, resolves toxicity, restrains and inhibit, 9-15g cold def. or blood stasis
Huai Mi Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter Liv, LI, Cools the blood, clears heat, stops bleeding, lower burner and hemmeroids 4.5-9g cold def. SP/ST
Ce Bai Ye Herbs that Stop Bleeding Slight cold, Bitter, Astringent, LU, LIV, LI Cools heat, inhibits bleeding, stops cough, hair issues, post partum issues, bronchitis in elderly 6-15g combine with other herbs
Bai mao Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Sweet Cold LU, ST,SI, BL Cools blood, stops bleeding, clears heat in LU, ST, promotes urinatin, diabetes 9-30g cold ST/sp
Zhu Ma Gen Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cold Sweet HT, Liv Stop Bleeding, cools blood, promote urine, calms fetus 9-30g none
Zi Zhu Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter, Astringnet Liv, Lu, ST Cools heat, resolves toxicity, stops bleeding 9-15g cold from deficiency patients.
Xian He Cao Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Bitter Astrignet Lu, Liv, SP Binds and inhibits bleeding 6-12g patients with active pathogens
Bai Ji Herbs that Stop Bleeding Cool Bitter, sweet LU, ST, Liv. Restrains to stop bleeding, reduces swelling, generates flesh 3-15g excess heat and fire, pre-existing lung issues,coughing blood
Ou Jie (lotus rhizome node) Herbs that Stop Bleeding Neutral Sweet, astringent LU, ST, Liv. Stop bleeding,remove blood stasis 9-15g none
Ai Ye (mugwort) Herbs that Stop Bleeding Warm Bitter,acrid SP, Liv, KD Dispels cold-damp, stoppain due tocold, stops bleeding, calms fetus during pregnancy 3-9g heat with yin def.
Herbs that invigorate the Blood
Chuan Xiong Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid Liv, GB, PC Invigorate the blood, promote movement of qi, expels wind, stops pain. 3-9 g, 1-1.5 powder pregnancy, fire from yin def., dry mouth
Dan Shen (Salvia root) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold bitter HT, PC, Liv Invigortes blood, tonifies blood, calms irritiability due to blood heat 6-15g pregnancy, toxic with Li Lu.
Jie xue Teng Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm bitter sweet HT, Liv, SP Invigorate the blood, tonifies blood, soothes the sinews and invigorates the collaterals. 9-15g profuse menses
Yan Hu Suo (Corydalis rhizome) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter HT Liv, St. Invigorate the blood, strongly stop pain. 3-9g pregnancy
Yu Jin Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Acrid,Bitter HT, Lung , Liv Cools the blood, breaks up stasis, promotes the movement of qi, relieveconstraint 6-12g pregnancy
Jiang Huang (Tumeric) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter Sp, ST, Liv Invigorates the blood, breaks up blood stasis, drives Qi downward, treats wind-damp painful obstructions 3-9g pregnancy
Yi Mu Cao Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Acrid, bitter HT, Liv, BL Invigorates blood, regulates menstruation, facilitates urination, resolves toxicity 9-15g yin def. and pregnancy
Chong Wei Zi Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Sweet Liv, SP Invigorate blood, clear Liver, brighten eyes 3-9g pregnancy caution, dilated pupils
Ze Lan Herbs that Invigorate the Blood warm Acridbitter Liv, SP Gently invigorates blood w/o injuring normal qi, promotes urination. 9-15g pregnancy, blood def.
Hu Zhang Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold bitter Liv, GB, Lu Invigorates blood, eliminates wind, expels dampness, transforms phlegm, cools heat, resolves toxicity 9-15g pregnancy
Chi Shao (Red peony root) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Bitter, sour Liv, SP Invigorates blood, transformsstasis, stopspain, cools heat in the blood 6-15g cold from def.
Tao Ren (Peach kernel) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter, sweet HT, LI, Liv, Lu Invigorates blood, dispels stasis,moistens intestines, stops cough and wheezing 4.5-9g pregnancy, blood def.
Hong Hua (Safflower) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid HT, Liv Invigorates blood, stops pain 3-9g pregnancy, peptic ulcers
Fan Hong Hua (Saffron) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Cold Sweet HT, Liv Invigorates blood, dispels stasis, cools blood 1.5-6g pregnancy
E Zhu Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Bitter, acrid Liv, SP promotes movement of blood and qi, breaks up accumulations, reduces food stagnation 3-9g pregnancy
Ru Xiang (Frankincense) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid, bitter HT, Liv, SP Invigorates blood, promotes movement of qi, stops pain, generates flesh 3-9g pregancy, toxic long term
Mo Yao (Myrrh) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter HT, Liv, SP Breaks up blood stasis to stop pain, reduces swelling, generates flesh
Niu Xi Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter, sour Liver, kd Unprepared: breaks up blood stasis, unblocks menstruation, guides blood to descend, directs fire downward, 3-9g pregancy, toxic long term
Prepared: tonifies the liver and kidneys, strengthens the sinews and bones 6-15g pregnancy, excessive menstruation
Wang Bu liu Xing Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter Liv, ST Powerfully and rapidly invigorates the blood anddispersesclumpingand stasis 4.5-9g Pregnancy
Lu Lu Tong Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Bitter Liv, ST Invigorates Qi and blood, treats painful obstruction, facilitates urination 4.5-9g Pregnancy
Xue Jie (dragon’s blood) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Sweet, Salty HT, Liv Internally: invigorates blood, disperses stasis, stops pain, Externally for wounds, stop bleeding 1-1.5g pil/powder pregnancy and menstruation
Su Mu Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Neutral Sweet, salty, acrid HT, Liv, SP invigorates blood, expels stagnation, stops pain 3-9g pregnancy
Wu Ling Zhi (squirrel dung) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Bitter, sweet Liv Invigorates blood, stops pain, 3-9g (cotton bag) pregnancy
Jiang Xiang (scented rosewood) Herbs that Invigorate the Blood Warm Acrid Liv, SP, ST Disperse stasis, stop bleeding, arrest pain 3-6g blood heat
Herbs that Warm the Middle and Expel Cold
These herbs address when External cold and internal cold dominate a patient. They are uses to arouse the Yang Qi. By aiding the Yang qi, it also prevents Yang collapse.
If patient has aversion to cold,pale, complexion, cold hands and feet, cold limbs, thin pulse and pale tongue. These are some good herbs to use.
They warm Spleen and kidneys and tonify Yang, but are primary to expel internal cold.
Acrid, warm, drying, you must match carefully with tonifying herbs. Avoid with pregnant women.
Zhi Fu Zi (sichuan aconite duaght root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, toxic Acrid Ht, KD, SP Revives devastated Yang, Tonifies fire at gate of life, guides action of other herbs into the 12 channesl, expels cold-damp painful obstruction 3-15g Yin def., abundant yang, pregnancy
Zhi Chaun Wu (Sichuan aconite main root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot , toxic Acrid, bitter Liv, SP Dispels wind, eliminates dampness, warms the channels, disperses cold, stops pain, cold painful obstruction 1.5-4.5g Yin def, yang excess, pregnancy.
Zhi Cao Wu (Wild aconite root) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, very toxic Acrid, bitter, Liv., SP, KD Scours out wind, disperese cold, eliminates pain from cold, breaks up accumulation due to qi stagnation 1.5-3g none.
Gan Jiang (Dried ginger) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid HT, LU, SP/ST Warms Spleen, tansforms thin mucous, unblocks channels, revives yang. 3-9g Internal heat, yin def., blood heat, pregnancy.
Rou Gui (Cinnamon bark) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid, sweet HT, KD, Liv, SP Warms and Tonifies Yang, disperses cold, promotesmovementof blood 1.5-4.5g Blazing fire and yin def. interior heat, pregnancy.
Wu Zhu Yu (Evodia fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, slight toxic Acrid, bitter Liv. SP, ST Strongly warms middle and lower jiao, stop nausea and vomiting due to cold, alleviate cold pain in chest and abdomen 1.5-4.5g
Hua Jiao (sichuan pepper) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot, slight toxic Acrid KD, SP, ST Warms the middle, disperse cold, stoppain, kills parasites, tonifies fire at gate of life. 3-6g pregnancy, blazing fire.
Gao Liang Jiang Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid SP/ST Warms the Stomach, disperses cold, stops pain, directs rebellious qi downward. 3-9g heat w/ yin def.
Ding Xiang (Cloves) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Warm Acrid KD,SP/ST Warms the middle, directs ST qi down, treats hiccup, fortifies KD Yang. 1-3g Internal heat.
Xiao Hui Xiang (Fennel fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Warm Acrid Liv/KD/SP/ST Harmonize the middle, warms lower burner, treats bulding disorders 3-9g Blzaing fire from yin. def.
Bi Ba (long pepper fruit) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot acrid ST, LI Warms middle burner, releasses constraint cold in intestines 1.5-4.5g yin def and heat.
Hu Jiao (black pepper) Herbs that Warm the Interior and Expel Cold Hot Acrid ST, LI Eliminates pathogenic cold in ST and LI 1.5-3g pregnancy.
Herbs that Tonify Qi
These herbs strengthen where there is weakness and insufficiency. They need to be added with herbs that expel pathogens. “Support the normal and expel pathogens” is the common phrase. If there is a deficiency pattern of Qi, blood, yin and yang, use these herbs.
Name Class: Temperature Flavor Organ Characteristic Dosage Contraindications
Ren Shen (ginseng) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet, bitter LU, SP Powerfully tonifes yuan qi of 5 organs, Nourish Yin, Revives collapse, stops heavy bleeding 3-9g Fire, Liver Yang, excess yang
Dang Shen (Codonopsis) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet LU SP Tonifes middle burner, Augments SP and LU Qi 6-9g Excess pathogens
Tai Zi shen Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet, bitter LU, SP Tonify Qi and Yin weakly 9-30g None
Huang Qi (Astragalus) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet LU, SP Raises Yang Qi, Tonifies SP and LU, Stops sweating, discharges Pus, Facilitates urination, generates flesh 9-15g Toxic sores and ulcers from heat
Shan Yao (Chinese Yam) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet KD, LU, SP Tonifes Qi and Yin of SP, LU, and KD. Secures essence, used in Skin/cosmetics 9-30g dampness in ST
Bai Zhu Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet, Bitter SP/ST Quiets fetus, tonifes SP, dries damp 6-15g Internal heat from yin def.
Da Zao (Jujube) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet SP/ST Tonfies Qi and Blood, Generates fluids, harmonizes SP, moderate toxicity of other herbs 10-30g heat from excess
Gan Cao (Licorice) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet All channels, HT, LU, SP Tonifes SP Qi, moistens lungs, moderates toxicity, drains fire 1.5-9g overabundant damp
Huang Jing (solomon seal) Herbs that Tonify Qi Neutral Sweet LU, KD, SP Tonifes qi, Nourish yin, augements essence 9-15g clogged and stagnant phlegm
Bai Bian dou Herbs that Tonify Qi neutral Sweet SP/ST Strengthens SP, Transforms Damp, eliminates summer heat 9-30g must be cooked.
Yi Tang (Maltose) Herbs that Tonify Qi Warm Sweet LU, SP/ST Tonifes Qi, moistens fluids, Alleviates pain 15-60g Damp-heat, phlegm-heat
Herbs that Tonify the blood
These herbs are used in patterns of blood deficiency and nourish the blood. If patient has pallid face, dizziness, vertigo, lethargy, palpitations, dry skin, menstrual irregulation.
Heart, Spleen , and Liver are most affected by blood deficiency. These herbs are oftern prescribed with stomach strengthening herbs to prevent indigestion since these herbs can cause sticky and cloying.
Name Class Temperature Flavor Organ Characteristic Dosage Contraindications
Shu Di Huang (foxglove root) Herbs that Tonify Blood Warm Sweet HT, KD, Liv Tonifes blood, nourish Yin, generates essence 9-30g loose stool, diarrhea, damp, phlegm
He shou Wu (Fleeceflower root) Herbs that Tonify Blood Warm Bitter, Sweet, astringent Liv, KD Nourish blood and yin, preserves essence 9-30g loose stool, diarrhea, damp, phlegm
Sheng He shou wi Herbs that Tonify Blood Neutral Bitter, Sweet, astringent Liv, HT, LI Moisten Intestines, resolves toxicity, reduce sores, checks malarial disorders 9-30g loose stool, diarrhea, damp, phlegm
Dang Gui (Angelica root) Herbs that Tonify Blood Warm sweet, acrid HT, Liv, SP Tonifies blood, invigorates blood, regulates menstruation, alleviates pain 4.5-15g loose stool, diarrhea, damp, phlegm
Bai Shao (Peony root) Herbs that Tonify Blood Cold Sour, bitter Liv, SP Tonifies Liv. Blood, extinguishes wind, stops pain, nourish Liv. And SP yin 6-15g
E Jiao (Donkey skin) Herbs that Tonify Blood Neutral Sweet Kd, Liv, LU Tonifies Liver blood, Moistens Lung Yin, Replenish KD essence, stops bleeding 3-9g SP/ST def.
Gou Qi Zhi (Wolfberry) Herbs that Tonify Blood Neutral Sweet Liv, LU, KD Enrich yin of KD and LU, nourish Liv. Blood, mildly tonifies KD Yang 6-12g SP/ST def.
Sang Shen (Mulberry) Herbs that Tonify Blood Cold Sweet HT, Liv. KD Gently nouishes and cools the blood and yin, mositens intestines 9-15g loose stool, diarrhea, damp, phlegm
Long Yan rou (Longan fruit) Herbs that Tonify Blood Warm Sweet HT, SP Nourishes blood, tonifies qi, calms spirit 9-15g fire.
Herbs that Tonify the Yang
These ares are typically warm and drying, which can lead to injury of yin and assist fire.
They are normally used with Qi transformation issues where the KD, SP, and HT are Yang deficient.
They also mostly specifically target the Kidney Yang. That is where you have a cold sensations, cold hands and feet, aversion to cold, lower back pain, and weak pulse.
Infertility, impotence, and leakages are also a sign of weak kidney yang.
Herb Name Class of Herb Temperature Flavor Organ/Meridian Herbal Action Dosage Contraindications
Lu Rong ( Deer Velvet) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet, salty KD, Liv. Fortifies primal yang, generates essence, augments the marrow 1-2g heat related issues.
Ge jie (Gecko skin) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Neutral Salty LU, KD Forifies KD Yang, Tonifies Lung Qi, Augments essence, calms wheezing, stops cough 3-6g cough from external wind.
Dong Chong Xia Cao (Cordyceps) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang warm Sweet LU, KD Gently tonifies KD Yang, Augements essence, Tonifes Lung, settles cough and wheezing, stops sweating 3-9g exterior conditions.
Rou Cong Rong Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet, salty LI, KD Tonifys KD yang, Enrich essence and blood, moisten intestines 4.5-9g SP def. , heat signs, diarrhea.
Suo Yang Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet LI, KD, Liv Warms KD Yang, Nourish Liv/KD yin, strengthen sinews to treat atrophy, mosten intestines 5-15g KD yin def. and heat signs.
Yin Yang Hou Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Acrid, sweet KD, Liv. Tonify KD Yang, Mingmen tonic, disperse wind-damp 3-9g fire, frequent erection.
Ba Ji Tian Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm acrid, sweet KD Tonify KD Yang w/o being overly drying, Augments essence, Expels damp. 6-15g Damp-heat.
Hu Lu Ba (Fenugreek) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Bitter KD, Liv. Fortifies primal yang, drives out cold and damp from lower burner, treats pain for cold type buldging 4.5-9g damp-heat.
He Tao Ren (Walnut) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet KD, LI, LU Tonifies KD and LU, alleviates lower back pain, settles wheezing, moistens intestines, brain tonic. 9-15g phlegm fire.
Bu Gu Zhi Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Acrid, bitter KD, SP Warm and Tonify KD and SP, stabalize essence, secures urine, KD to grasp Qi, stop diarrhea. 4.5-9g heat signs and constipation.
Yi Zhi Ren (black cardamon) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Acrid KD, SP Warmly tonifies SP and KD yang, secures urine for bed wetting, assist KD to grasp Qi, stop diarrhea 3-9g lower burner heat.
Xian Mao Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Hot, Toxic Acrid KD Vigorously warms fire are mingmen and KD yang, expels cold damp, for knees and lower back pain 3-9g yin def, heat signs.
Du Zhong Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet, Acrid KD, Liv, Tonify KD and Liv., Strengthne inews and bones, calm fetus 9-15g heat from yin def.
Gou Ji (fern) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Bitter, Sweet KD, Liv, Tonifies KD and Liv, Expel pathogens wind, damp, cold. 9-15g urinary difficults with heat.
Xu Duan Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Bitter, Sweet KD, Liv Tonify KD and Liv., Strengthne inews and bones, calm fetus, injury tramua to sinews and bones 9-18g pain obstruction wind-damp-heat.
Gui Sui Bu Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Bitter KD, Liv, Tonifies KD, Strengthen and repair bones, direct floating yang downward 9-21g yin def.
Tu Si Zi (dodder seeds) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Acrid, sweet Kd, Liv. Warms primal Yang, nourishes yin, secures essence, tonifies KD, SP, and Liv. w/o cloying. 6-15g Fie from yin def.
Sha Yuan Zi Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet KD, Liv. Tonifes KD and Liv., scures essence, brighten eyes. 9-18g hyperactive sex drive.
Zi He Che (Placenta) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Hot Sweet salty LIV, LU, KD Warm the KD yang, Tonifies LU and KD Qi, augements blood and essence, neuroasthenic 2-3g heat and yin def.
Hai Gou shen (Seal penis) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Salty KD, Liv. Strongly warms KD Yang, Augments the Essence, Tonifies the marrow 3-9g yin def w/ heat.
Hai Long (Pipe fish) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet, Salty KD Foritifes KD yang strongly, treats male impotence 3-12g pregnancy.
Hai Ma (Sea Horse) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Sweet, salty KD, Liv. Foritifes Kindey Yang, Adjusts flow of qi and blood, treats impotence, promotes labor 3-12g Pregnancy.
Hai Shen (Sea cucumber) Herbs that Tonfiy Yang Warm Salty HT, KD Tonify KD Yang, Augments Essence, nourish the blood 30-60g SP Qi def w/ diarrhea.
Tonification of the Yin Herbs
The Lungs, Stomach, Kidney, and Liver are organs that tend to have Yin Deficiency the most. These herbs are sweet, cold,moistening herbs that help generate fluids and treat dryness.The lungs yin deficiency: dry cough, dry throat, dry skin, and thirst. Stomach yin def. means lack of Stomach fluids, lack of appetite, irritability, dry mouth, and constipation. Liver yin Def,:dry eyes, dull eyes, night blindness, dizziness, vertigo, insomnia, tinnitus, and dry nails. Kidney yin def.: lower back pain, tinnitus, dizziness, warmpalms, afternoon fever, diminished sex drive.
These herbs have a sweet juice inside and must be kept refrigerated. When tongue is dry, use these herbs.
Name | Temp | Flavor | Organ | Action | Dosage | Contraindications
Sha Shen cold sweet, bitter LU, ST Nourish Yin, clear lungs, augment ST, generate fluids 9-15 g cough due to wind cold.
Mai men Dong
cold sweet, bitter HT, LU, ST Nourish the yin of ST, SP, HT, LU , clear heat, quiet irritability 6-15 g Loose stools.
Tian Men Dong
cold sweet, bitter KD, LV Tonify the yin of KD, LV, generate fluids, cools heat due to yin def. 6-12g dirrhea from cold def.
cold sweet, salty KD, ST Nourish ST Yin, Expel heat from deficency. 6-12 g loose stools.
cold Sweet LU, ST Enrich Lungs and ST yin without cloying, restores fluids injured by external pathogens 9-15g phlegm in ST, cold in middle jiao.
cold Sweet, bitter HT, LU Enrich lung yin, drain heat from heart, stop cough, quiets the spirit. 9-30g cough due to wind cold, diarrhea from SP def.
Han Lian Cao Herbs that tonify the yin cool Sweet sour KD, Liv Nourish yin of the liver and kidney, cool heat, stop bleeding, blacken hair 9-15g SP and ST cold from Def.
Nu Zhe Zi Herbs that tonify the yin cool Bitter, Sweet KD, Liv Tonify Liver and Kidney yin, Clear heat, Brighten eyes, blacken the hair 9-18 g Diarrhea from ST/SP cold
Hei Zhi Ma (Black Seasame) Herbs that tonify the yin Neutral Sweet KD, Liv, LI Tonify Liv. and KD, augment the Yin and blood, Lubricate the Intestines 9-30 g Diarrhea due to SP def.
Gui Ban (Fresh water turtle) Herbs that tonify the yin cold salty, sweet Ht, KD, Liv Strong tonify Liv & KD Yin, subdues the yang, strengthen bones, unblocks conception vessel. 15-45 g Pregnancy, cold damp ST
Bie Jia (soft shell Turtle) Herbs that tonify the yin cold salty Liv. Sp Tonify the Yin, Subdue Yang, Clear heat from Def., Soften areas of hardness, Dispense clumping. 9-30gm Pregnancy, cold def. of ST/SP
Herbs that Stabilize and Bind
These are sour and astringent type of herbs that help to keep fluids in and close orifices. They want to prevent leaking, distension, out of position organs, often in elderly as well.
These herbs do three main things:
1)Stop Sweating: Fu Xiao Mia, Ma Huang Gen, Nuo Dao Gen.
2)Stop diarrhea: He Ji, Yu Yu Liang, Rou Dou Kou, Shi Liu Pi, Chi Shi zhi, Chun Pi, wu Mei, Wu Bei Zi.
3) Stop Lower body leakage spermatorrhea, Leukorrhea, Urinary Frequency: Wu Wei Zi, Lian Zi, QianShi, Shan Zhu Yu, Jin Ying Zi, Sang Piao Xiao, Fu Pen Zi, Hai Piao, Xiao.
Cough is also another type of leakage in this category of herbs.
Shan Zhu Yu (asian cherry fruit) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind warm sour KD, Liv Stabalize KD, secure Essence, Stop excessive sweating, tonify KD and Liv., stabalize menses 6-12g Urinary pain, difficulty due to damp heat.
Wu Wei Zi (Schisandra fructus) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind warm sour, sweet HT, KD, LU contain leakage of qi, stop cough, tonify kindy, bind essence, inhibit sweat, generate fluids, quiet spirit, contain heart qi. “3-6g
” can cause heartburn, unresolved exterior, excess interior heat, early stage rash or cough.
Wu Mei (mume fruit) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind warm sour , astringent LI, Liv, Lung, SP inhibit leakage of Lung qi, stop cough, generate fluids, alleviate thirst, expel round worms, alleviate pain, stop diarrhea, topical for warts. 6-12g internal heat, unresolved external disorder.
He Zi (cherry plum) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind neutral bitter, sour astringent LU, sT, LI bind intestines, stops diarrhea, contain Lung Qi leakage, stop cough, assist throat 3-9g exterior pattern w/internal, stagnation damp-heat
Rou Dou Kou (nutmeg seed) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind warm Acrid LI, SP, ST Binds up Intestines, stop diarrhea, warm middle, Move qi, alleviate pain 3-9g hot diarrhea, stomach heat.
Shi Liu Pi (Pomegranate skin) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind warm sour , astringent LI, ST Binds intestines, stops diarrhea, kills parasites, 3-9g “not to be taken with oil and fats to kill parasite, becomes, toxic.
Chun Pi Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Cold bitter, astringent LI, ST Clears heat, dry damp, bind up intestines, kills parasites. 6-9g ST/SP cold or kindney yin def.
Chi Shi Zhi Herbs that Stabilize and Bind Warm sweet, sour, astringent SP, ST, LI Binds up intestines, stop diarrhea, constrain blood, stop bleeding, promote healing of wounds. 9-18g pregnancy, hot diarrhea, dysentery early stage, damp-heat.
Yu Yu Liang Herbs that Stabilize and Bind neutral Sweet , astringent LI, ST Binds intestines, stops diarrhea, restrain, inhibit, and stop bleeding. 9-18g pregnancy, excess patterns.
Lian Zi (Lotus seed) Herbs that Stabilize and Bind Neutral Sweet , astringent HT, KD, SP Tonify spleen stop diarrhea, tonify KD stablize essence, Nourish heart calm spirit 6-15g abdominal distention, constipation.
Lian Xu (Lotus Stamen) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind neutral Sweet, astringnet HT, KD, Liv Stronger astringent than lotus seed, summer fire 3-9g “NA
Qian Shi Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet, astringnet KD, SP tonify and restrain SP and KD, elimate dampness, lower burner astringnet, difficult urination/defecation. 9-15g
Jing Ying Zi “cherokee rosehips” Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral sour , astringent UB, KD, LI bind lower burner to secure essence, contain urination, halt chronic diarrhea.
Fu Pen Zi “chinese rasberry” Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet , astringent KD, LIV Augment the true yin of the kidneys, contain urine, secure the essence 6-12g Yin def. w/heat
Wu Bei Zi ‘gallnut’ Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Cold Sour, salty KD, LI, LU Stop diarrhea, Contain Lung qi, bind up intestines, transform phelm, resolve fire toxicity 3-9g cough due to wind-cold
Fu Xiao mai ‘wheat grain’ Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Cool sweet, salty HT Stop sweat, augment HT Qi, inhibity HT fluid, clear heat from pores, stop sweat, night sweats. sweating due to exterior pattern
Ma Huang Gen Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet LU Inhibit the exterior to stop sweating exterior disorders
Nuo Dao Gen (Rice root) Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet KD, Liv, LU Stop heat from Deficiency, night sweats due to def. 15-30g
Hai Pioa Xiao ‘cuttle fish bone’ Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Warm Salty, Astringent KD, Liv, ST Stop bleeding, secure essence, dry damp, gastric acidity 6-12g may lead to constipation
Sang Piao Xiao ‘Mantis Egg’ Herbs that Stabalize and Bind Neutral Sweet, salty KD, LIV reinforce the Yang at ming men, secure essence, contain urine (bedwetting, nocturnal emission) 4-9g yin def. /heat signs.
Substances and herbs that Calm the Spirit (Shen)
Long Gu (Fossile bones) Substance that Calm the spirit Neutral Sweet , Astringent HT, Liv, Kd Settles anxiety, calms spirit for emotional distress, Calms Liver and anchors floating Yang, topically for sores 15-30g damp-heat, exterior.
Mu Li (Oyster shell) Substance that Calm the spirit cool salty, astringent Liv. KD heavily settles and calms the spirit, benefits yin, anchors floating yang, prevents leakage of fluids, softens hardness: nodules 9-30g high fever with sweat.
Zhen Zhu (pearl) Substance that Calm the spirit cold sweet, salty Heart, Liver Sedates the heart, settes tremors, clears Liver, superficial visual disorders, topically for flesh wounds. 0.3-1 g pregnancy.
Hu Po (amber) Substance that Calm the spirit Neutral sweet BL, HT, Liv Arrests temors, calm spirit, invigorate blood, disapate stasis, promote urination, reduce sweeling. 1.5-3g yin def. with heat.
Suan Zao Ren (juJube seed) Herbs that Calm the spirit Neutral sour, sweet GB, HT, Liv, SP Nourish the Heart yin, augment liver blood, quiet spirit, prevent abnormal sweating 9-15g diarrhea, excess heat.
Yuan Zhi Herbs that Calm the spirit warm bitter, acrid HT, LU Calm spirit, Quiet heart, Expel phlegm, clear orifices, reduces abscesses 6-15g yin def, gastritis, peptic ulcers.
Ling Zi (Reishi mushroom) Herbs that Calm the spirit Neutral Sweet HT, Liv, LU Calms the spirit, augments heart qi, tonifies heart blood, tonifies Lung qi, transform phelgm, tonifies Qi, nourish blood 3-15g exterior.
Ye Jiao Teng Herbs that Calm the spirit Neutral Sweet HT, Liv Nourish theheart and blood, calm spirit, nourish blood, unblock channeles, alleviates itching 15-30g.
Aromatic substances that Open the Orifices
These substances and herbs address “Closed disorders” or “Locked up Disorders” where a Orifice is closed. These help awaken the spirit and treat turbid Phlegm.
This creates a “Jue” collapse where a person can get Cold and pale in the face, or Hot with red complexion.
These herbs are best in pill or powder form.
Substances that Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors:
These substances, herbs, and animals clear wind when a person has been “Hit by wind”.
Wind can be Exterior like wind-heat or wind-cold, wind-damp, etc.
Internal wind can cause wind-stroke (Stroke) or Liver and Kidney Deficiency.
Name| Class of Herb|Thermal Temp.| Flavor| Organ/Meridian | Herbal Action | Dosage |Contraindications
She Xiang (Musk Deer gland secretion) Aromatic substances that Open Orifices Warm Acrid, Aromatic HT, SP, Liv Open orifices, awaken spirit, stop pain, unblock channels/collaterals by invigorating blood .03-.1g pregnancy
Su He xiang (Styrax, resin of Rose Maloes) Aromatic substances that Open Orifices Warm Sweet Acrid Aromatic HT, SP warm-opening substance, for patterns of cold closure .3-1g high fever and coma, spontaneous sweating, pregnancy.
An Xi xiang (Benzoin) Aromatic substances that Open Orifices Neutral Acrid, bitter HT, Liv. SP Open the orifices, awaken spirit, restores consciousness, invigorate qi and blood, stops pain chest&abdomen .6-1.5g fire from yin def.
Bing Pian (Borneol) Aromatic substances that Open Orifices Cold Acrid, bitter HT, LU, SP Acrid dispersing, aromatically mobilizing, opens orifices, disperses constraint .01-.03g qi and blood def., pregnancy.
Shi Chang Pu (Grassleaf Sweetflag Rhizome) Aromatic substances that Open Orifices warm acrid, bitter, aromatic HT, ST Transforms dampness, strengthens the SP and ST, dislodges phlegm, opens sensory orifices 3-9g heat signs, irritable, sweating, vomiting.
Niu Huang (Bovine Gallstone) Aromatic substances that Open Orifices Cool bitter HT, Liv. Cools heat, dredges phlegm, clears consciousness, cools the blood, resolves toxicity .2-.5g pregnancy, heat excess, ST/SP def.
Ling Yang Jiao (Antelope horn) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Cold Salty HT, Liv. Calms the Liver, Extinguishes wind, cools heat, resolves toxicity,extreme heat leading to internal wind 1-3g or powder of .3-.6g chronic convulsions.
Gou Teng (Uncaria vine) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Cold Sweet PC, Liv. drains liver heat, settles liver wind 6-15g heat from excess.
Tian Ma Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Neutral Sweet Liver Heache, dizzines, calms liver wind, extinguishes wind 3-9g NA.
Ci Ji Li (Caltrop fruit) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Neutral acrid, bitter Liver Expels Wind, Brightens the eyes, Calms ascending Liver Yang, stops itching, breaks up stagnant qi and blood 6-15g pregnancy, qi and blood def.
Shi Jue ming (Abalone Shell) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Cold Salty KD, Liv. calm Liver yang rising, cools liver heat, anchors liver yang, extinguishes Liver wind, nourishes liver yin 15-30g cold from SP def. loose stools.
Di Long (Earthworm) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Cold salty BL, Liv, LU, SP Drains Heat, Extinguishs wind, stops spasms/convulsions, calm wheezing, unblocks the collaterals, facilitates urination 4.5-15g contraindicated weak SP/ST.
Bai Jiang Can (Silkworm) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Neutral salty, acrid Liv.,LU Eliminates wind, Drains Heat, Transforms Phlegm, Disperses clumping 3-9g or 1-1.5g powder NA.
Quan xie (Scorpion) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Neutral Salty, acrid, toxic Liv strongly extinguishes liver wind, stops spasms and pain 2-4.5g decoction, .06-1g powder never excess recommended dosage due to toxicity, pregnancy.
Wu gong (Centipede) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Warm Acrid, Toxic Liv.,LU Extinguish wind, stop spasm, seizures, convulsion 1-3g decoctions, .6-1g powder never excess recommended dosage due to toxicity, pregnancy.
Dai Zhe Shi (Hemetite) Substances the Extinguish Wind and Stop Tremors Cold bitter HT, Liv. PC supress and bring down rebellious Qi while cooling Liver fire 9-30g decoctions, 1-3g powder pregnancy, do not take long term.
Herbs for Topical Use
Herb Name Class of Herb Thermal Temperature Flavor Organ/Meridian Herbal Action Dosage Contraindications
Bai Fan (Alum) Herbs of External Topical Use, cold Sour , astingent, LI, LIV, LU, SP externally: restrains pathogenic dampness, resolves toxicity, internally: transforms phlegm and thin mucus. 1-3g or .6-1.5g in pill/powder weak digestive systems.
Lu Gan Shi (Calamine) Herbs of External Topical Use neutral sweet Liv, ST clears-wind-heat from eyes, inhibit damp sores external only not to be taken internally.
Liu Huang (Sulfer) Herbs of External Topical Use Hot sour, toxic KD, LI, PC Externally: kills parasties, resolves toxicity, stops itching, scabies, internaly: tonifies fire at gate of life 1-3g or .6-1.5g in pill/powder pregnancy, yin def. w/heat.
Qian Dan (Lead oxide) Herbs of External Topical Use Cool Arcrid, toxic HT, Liv, SP Externally: uproots toxin, generates flesh, stops itching, internally: sedates convulsions and malarial disorders. 0.3-0.6g in pills never use for long,highly toxic internally.
She Chuang Zi (Cnidium seed) Herbs of External Topical Use warm acrid, bitter, toxic KD Strongly warmskidney yang, dries damp, kills parasites, stops itching 3-9g not to be taken orally with damp-heat in lower burner.
Da Feng Zi (Hydnocarpi seeds) Herbs of External Topical Use Hot acrid, toxic KD,Liv, SP topically for scabies, tinea, leprosy, syphilis .3-1g pill/powder Pregnancy, liver and kidney issues.
Zhang Nao(Camphor) Herbs of External Topical Use hot acrid, toxic HT, SP Expels wind and turbidity, stopspain, expels blood stagnantion, topically for injuries. .1-.3g Pregnancy, internally use extreme caution.
Ban Mao (Blister Beetle) Herbs of External Topical Use Cold acrid, Toxic LI, LIV, ST Toxic, very irritating to the skin and mucous membrane .03-.06g pregancy, not to take long term, caution when administering.
Feng Fang (Wasp nest) Herbs of External Topical Use neutral Sweet, Toxic LU, ST Expels wind, attacks toxins, kills parasites, stops pain 3-6g as a gargle, never swallowed
Herbs that Kill parasites
Shi Jun Zi (rangoon creeper seed) Herbs that Expel Parasites warm sweet SP/ST kills parasites round worm and pinworms, treats childhood nutritional impairment 9-12g not to be taken with tea, do not overdose.
Bing Lang (Betel nut) Herbs that Expel Parasites Warm Acrid, bitter. LI, ST Expels parasites, facilitates urination, resolves phlegm, food stagnation, directs qi downward 6-15g cases of collapsed middle.
Da Suan (Garlic bulb) Herbs that Expel Parasites Warm Acrid LI, LU, SP/ST kills parasites, transforms meat and food stagnation, unblocks accumulations, promotes qi movement, expels cold-damp 4.5-9g Yin def.
Ku Lian Pi (Chinaberry bark) Herbs that Expel Parasites Cold bitter, toxic Liv.,SP/ST toxic, kills parasites, clears -damp heat 4.5-9g pregnancy, liv andheart disease.
Fei Zi (Torreya Seeds) Herbs that Expel Parasites Neutral Sweet LI, LU, ST kills parasites, moistenslungs, stops cough 15-30g loose stools.
He Shi (Carpesium fruit) Herbs that Expel Parasites Neutral Bitter, acrid, toxic SP/ST kills parasites: roundworm, pinworm, hookworm, tapeworm 3-9g pregnancy, side effects: dizziness, abdominal pain.
Nan He Shi (Daucus fruit) Herbs that Expel Parasites Neutral Bitter, acrid, toxic SP/ST kills parasites, treats vaginitis (externally) 3-9g pregnancy.
Lei Wan (Fruit of Ompalia) Herbs that Expel Parasites Cold Bitter, toxic LI, ST kills parasites, clears-damp-heat in ST/LI, treats chilhod nutritional impairment 6-15g SP/ST def. patients.
Wu Yi (Elm cake) Herbs that Expel Parasites Warm Bitter, acrid, toxic SP/ST kills intestinal parasites, treats childhood nutritional impairment 3-9g SP/ST def. patients.
Mian Ma Guan Zhong (Dryopteris root) Herbs that Expel Parasites Cold Bitter Liv., ST kills parasites, resolves toxicity, cools blood, stops bleeding 4.5-15g pregnancy, ulcers, fatty foods.
Guan Zhong (Cyrtomium) Herbs that Expel Parasites Cold bitter, astringent Liv. Lu, LI clears heat and resolves toxicity, cools bloods and expels stasis, expels parasites 6-9g Pregnancy.
Nan Gua Zi (Pumpkin husk and seeds) Herbs that Expel Parasites neutral Sweet LI/ST safe parasite-killing herb, suitable decoction or direct consumption 30-60g .
Chang Shan (Dichroa root) Herbs that Expel Parasites Cold bitter, acrid, toxic HT, Liv, LU checks malarial disorders, transforms phlegm 4.5-9g Pregnancy.